Tuesday, 06 March 2018 19:45

Kyokushin katas


 The word Kata means “shape” or “form”.  The kanji for Kata  型 is composed of the following characters:

形  Katachi  meaning “Shape”

刈  Kai  meaning “Cut”

土  Tsuchi  meaning “Earth” or “Soil”

Literally translated, kata means “shape which cuts the ground”.

The Kata as we know and practice in Kyokushin Karate trace their origin back to the island of Okinawa. Okinawa is one of a chain of islands that are collectively known as the Ryukyu Islands. Okinawa lies 885km (550 miles) east of mainland China, approximately halfway between China and Japan.

Here is the list of kyokushin katas:

  • Taikyoku Sono Ichi
  • Taikyoku Sono Ni
  • Taikyoku Sono San
  • Sokugi Taikyoku Sono Ichi - One of the "Kicking" Taikyoku katas
  • Sokugi Taikyoku Sono Ni - One of the "Kicking" Taikyoku katas
  • Sokugi Taikyoku Sono San - One of the "Kicking" Taikyoku katas
  • Pinan Sono Ichi
  • Pinan Sono Ni
  • Pinan Sono San
  • Sanchin
  • Pinan Sono Yon
  • Pinan Sono Go
  • Gekisai Dai
  • Yantsu
  • Tsuki No Kata
  • Tensho
  • Saiha or Saifa
  • Kanku Dai or Kanku
  • Gekisai Sho
  • Seienchin
  • Sushiho
  • Garyu
  • Seipai
  • Taikyoku Sono Ichi Ura
  • Taikyoku Sono Ni Ura
  • Taikyoku Sono San Ura
  • Pinan Sono Ichi Ura
  • Pinan Sono Ni Ura
  • Pinan Sono San Ura
  • Bo Kata Ichi
  • Bo Kata Ni
  • Bo Kata San
  • Bo Kata Yon
  • Bo Kata Go
  • Bo Kata Roku
  • Bo Kata Shichi or Nana


The founder of Kyokushin, Masutatsu ‘Mas’ Oyama was skilled in both major styles born from the two areas of Okinawa. Shotokan (Shuri-te), which he was a 4th Dan Black Belt under Funakoshi, and Goju-ryu (Naha-te), which he obtained a 7th Dan Black Belt under Gogen Yamaguchi.

Mas Oyama, when creating his own stye, incorporated kata from both of the traditions. Hence why the large number of kata found in Kyokushin.

Mas Oyama also emphasized the three fundamental principles of kata:

技の緩急  Waza no Kankyū   The Relative Tempo of Techniques: The tempo of the kata varies – some techniques are performed quickly, while others are done more slowly.

力の強弱  Chikara no Kyōjaku   The Relative Force of Power: The power of a technique derives from the proper balance between strength and relaxation.

息の調整  Iki no Chōsei   The Control of Breathing: The correct timing (inhaling and exhaling) and force of the breaths (Kiai 気合, Ibuki 息吹 or Nogare 逃れ) are essential for proper techniques.






Sunday, 13 August 2017 06:30

Kyokushin Symbols




Kyokushinkai  kyokushin kanji


The Kanji 漢字 (Japanese characters) calligraphy, worn universally on the front of the Gi, is a stylized form of the characters for "Kyokushinkai", which is the name given by Sosai Mas Oyama to the karate style he created.  It is composed of three characters:


  Kyoku  meaning "Ultimate"

  Shin  meaning "Truth"

  Kai  meaning "Association"





The symbol of Kyokushin Karate is the Kanku, which is derived from Kanku Dai kata, the Sky Gazing form.  In this kata, the hands are raised and the fingers meet to form an opening through which the sky is viewed.  The top and bottom points of the Kanku represent the first fingers of each hand touching at the top and the thumbs touching at the bottom, symbolizing the peaks or ultimate points.  The thick sections at the sides represent the wrists, symbolizing power.  The center circle represents the opening between the hands through which the sky is viewed, symbolizing infinite depth.  The whole Kanku is enclosed by a circle, symbolizing continuity and circular action.




The Ishinkan Kyokushin Karate Organization logo consists of  the Kanku, which is derived from Kanku Dai kata, in its middle with globe and fist over it.  This globe symbolizes the fact that our organization connects karatekas over multiple countries over the world. The whole Kanku is enclosed by a circle, symbolizing continuity and circular action.




The Kyokushin Dōjō Kun 道場訓 (Training Hall Oath) was written by Mas Oyama with the help of Eiji Yoshikawa, the author of the novel Musashi 武蔵, which was based on the life and exploits of Miyamoto Musashi, Japan's most famous Samurai warrior.

The Dojo Kun is usually recited at the end of each training session, when the students and instructors are lined up by rank in Seiza 正座 (formal kneeling).  Each line of the Dojo Kun is recited by the most senior student and repeated by the entire class together.  Some dojos choose not to recite the Dojo Kun for various reasons.

We will train our hearts and bodies, for a firm unshaking spirit.

We will pursue the true meaning of the Martial Way, so that in time our senses may be alert.

With true vigor, we will seek to cultivate a spirit of self denial.

We will observe the rules of courtesy, respect our superiors, and refrain from violence.

We will follow our God, and never forget the true virtue of humility.

We will look upwards to wisdom and strength, not seeking other desires.

All our lives, through the discipline of Karate, we will seek to fulfill the true meaning of the Kyokushin Way.

Some dojos recite the fifth line as "We will follow our Gods and Buddha...", which is a more literal translation of Shinbutsu 神仏.  However, the full meaning of the Japanese word is not expressed in this literal translation, since it involves Buddhist and Shinto principles with which many Westerners are not familiar.  Other dojos recite the line as "We will follow our religious principles..."

Tuesday, 08 August 2017 19:07

Kyokushin Glossary




Kihon Waza Basic Techniques 基本技
Tsuki Punch (Thrust) 突き
Uchi Strike 打ち
Uke Block 受け
Geri Kick 蹴り
Buki Weapons 武器
Ashi Foot or Leg
Chūsoku Ball (middle) of the Foot 中足
Haishō Backhand 背掌
Haisoku Instep of the Foot 背足
Haito Inner Knife Hand 背刀
Hiji Elbow
Hiraken Flat Fist 平拳
Hiza Knee
Kakato Heel
Keikō Chicken Beak 鶏口
Kōken Wrist Top 吭拳
Kote Forearm 小手
Nakayubi Ippon Ken Middle Finger Knuckle Fist 中指一本拳
Nukite Spear Hand 貫手
Oyayubi Ippon Ken Thumb Knuckle Fist 親指一本拳
Ryūtōken Dragon Head Fist 竜頭拳
Seiken Forefist (correct fist) 正拳
Shōtei Palm Heel 掌底
Shutō Knife Hand 手刀
Sokutō Outside (knife) Edge of the Foot 足刀
Sune Shin
Te Hand
Teisoku Arch of the Foot 低足
Tettsui Hammer Fist 鉄槌
Tōhō Sword Peak Hand 刀峰
Uraken Backfist 裏拳
Neraidokoro to 
Targets & Directions 攻撃方向と狙い所
Age Rising 上げ
Ago Chin or Jaw
Atama Head
Chūdan Middle Level 中段
Ganmen Face 顔面
Gedan Lower Level 下段
Hana Nose
Hara Abdomen
Hidari Left
Hizō Spleen 脾臓
Jōdan Upper Level 上段
Jōhanshin Upper Body 上半身
Kahanshin Lower Body 下半身
Kake Hooked 掛け
Kansetsu Joint (of limb) 関節
Kata Shoulder
Kintama (Kin) Groin, Testicles (gold jewels) 金玉
Komekami Temple (of Head)
Kubi Neck
Kuchi Mouth
Mae Front, Forward
Mawashi Round, Circular 回し
Me Eye(s)
Migi Right
Mimi Ear(s)
Mizo-ochi Solar Plexus 水落
Momo Thigh
Mune Chest
Naname Diagonal 斜め
Nodo Throat
Oroshi Descending 下ろし
Rokkotsu Rib(s) 肋骨
Sakotsu Collarbone 鎖骨
Sayū Left and Right 左右
Soto Outside
Tobi Jumping 跳び
Uchi Inside
Ude Arm
Ura Reverse Turn
Ushiro Back (direction) 後ろ
Yoko Side (direction)
Dachi Stances 立ち
Fudō Dachi Immobile Stance 不動立ち
Hanmi Half Facing 半身
Heikō Dachi Parallel Stance 平行立ち
Heisoku Dachi Closed Foot Stance 閉足立ち
Hidari Ashi Mae Left Foot Forward 左足前
Kake Dachi Hook Stance 掛け立ち
Kiba Dachi Horse Riding Stance 騎馬立ち
Kōkutsu Dachi Back Leaning Stance 後屈立ち
Kumite Dachi Fighting Stance 組手立ち
Migi Ashi Mae Right Foot Forward 右足前
Moro Ashi Dachi One Foot Forward (two-foot) Stance 両足立ち
Musubi Dachi Open Foot (connected) Stance 結び立ち
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat Foot Stance 猫足立ち
Sanchin Dachi Three Point Stance 三戦立ち
Shiko Dachi Sumo Stance 四股立ち
Soto Hachiji Dachi Outside "Character 8" Stance 外八字立ち
Tsuru Ashi Dachi Crane Foot Stance 鶴足立ち
Uchi Hachiji Dachi Inside "Character 8" Stance 内八字立ち
Yōi Dachi Ready Stance 用意立ち
Yonjūgodo Kiba Dachi Forty-Five Degree Horse Riding Stance 四十五度騎馬立ち
Zenkutsu Dachi Forward Leaning Stance 前屈立ち
Tsuki Waza Punching Techniques 突き技
Seiken – Forefist – 正拳
– Oi Tsuki – Chasing Punch 追い突き
– Morote Tsuki – Two-Handed Punch 両手突き
– Gyaku Tsuki – Reverse Punch 逆突き
– Tate Tsuki – Vertical Punch 縦突き
– Jun Tsuki – Lunge Punch 順突き
Shita Tsuki Low Punch 下突き
Uchi Waza Striking Techniques 打ち技
Seiken – Forefist – 正拳
– Ago Uchi – Chin / Jaw Strike 顎打ち
– Furi Ichi – Swinging Strike 振り打ち
Tettsui – Hammer Fist – 鉄槌
– Oroshi Ganmen Uchi – Descending Face Strike 下ろし顔面打ち
– Komekami Uchi – Temple Strike 顳打ち
– Hizō Uchi – Spleen Strike 脾臓打ち
– Mae Yoko Uchi – Forward Side Strike 前横打ち
– Yoko Uchi – Side Strike 横打ち
Uraken – Backfist – 裏拳
– Ganmen Uchi – Face Strike 顔面打ち
– Sayū Uchi – Left and Right Strike 左右打ち
– Hizō Uchi – Spleen Strike 脾臓打ち
– Oroshi Ganmen Uchi – Descending Face Strike 下ろし顔面打ち
– Mawashi Uchi – Roundhouse Strike 回し打ち
Nihon Nukite Two-Fingered Spear Hand 二本貫手
Yonhon Nukite Four-Fingered Spear Hand 四本貫手
Shōtei Uchi Palm Heel Strike 掌底打ち
Shutō – Knife Hand – 手刀
– Sakotsu Uchi – Collarbone Strike 鎖骨打ち
– Yoko Ganmen Uchi – Side Face Strike 横顔面打ち
– Sakotsu Uchikomi – Collarbone Driving Strike 鎖骨打ち込み
– Hizō Uchi – Spleen Strike 脾臓打ち
– Uchi Uchi – Inside Strike 内打ち
Hiji Ate Elbow Strike 肘当て
Mae Hiji Ate Forward Elbow Strike 前肘当て
Age Hiji Ate Rising Elbow Strike 上げ肘当て
Ushiro Hiji Ate Backwards Elbow Strike 後ろ肘当て
Oroshi Hiji Ate Descending Elbow Strike 下ろし肘当て
Uke Waza Blocking Techniques 受け技
Jōdan Uke Upper Block 上段受け
Gedan Barai Lower Parry 下段払い
Chūdan Uchi Uke Middle Area Inside Block 中段内受け
Chūdan Soto Uke Middle Area Outside Block 中段外受け
Morote Chūdan Uchi Uke Two-Handed Middle Area Inside Block 両手中段内受け
Chūdan Uchi Uke
Gedan Barai
Middle Area Inside Block
with Lower Parry
Shutō Uke Knife Hand Block 手刀受け
Jūji Uke Crossed Block 十字受け
Kake Uke Hooked Block 掛け受け
Shōtei Uke Palm Heel Block 掌底受け
Mawashi Uke Circular Block 回し受け
Osae Uke Push-Down Block 押え受け
Geri Waza Kicking Techniques 蹴り技
Hiza Ganmen Geri Knee Face Kick 膝顔面蹴り
Mawashi Hiza Geri Roundhouse Knee Kick 回し膝蹴り
Mae Hiza Geri Forward Knee Kick 前膝蹴り
Kin Geri Groin Kick 金蹴り
Mae Geri Front Kick 前蹴り
Mae Keage Front Rising Kick 前蹴上げ
Soto Mawashi Keage Outside Crescent Kick 外回し蹴上げ
Uchi Mawashi Keage Inside Crescent Kick 内回し蹴上げ
Yoko Keage Side Rising Kick 横蹴上げ
Mawashi Geri Roundhouse Kick 回し蹴り
Kansetsu Geri Joint Kick 関節蹴り
Yoko Geri Side Kick 横蹴り
Ushiro Geri Back Kick 後ろ蹴り
Kakato Geri Heel Kick 踵蹴り
Mae Kakato Geri Forward Heel Kick 前踵蹴り
Ago Geri Chin / Jaw Kick 顎蹴り
Tobi Mae Geri Jumping Front Kick 跳び前蹴り
Tobi Yoko Geri Jumping Side Kick 跳び横蹴り
Tobi Kake Geri Jumping Hook Kick 跳び掛け蹴り
Ashi Barai Leg Sweep 足払い
Kihon Yōgo Basic Terminology 基本用語
Anza Relaxed Sitting 安座
Arigatō Gozaimasu Thank You (polite) ありがとうござい ます
Budō Martial Way 武道
Buki Weapon 武器
Bunkai Analysis (application) of a Technique 分解
Dan Grade (Black Belt)
Dōgi (Gi) Karate Uniform (Way clothes) 道衣
Dōjō Training Hall (Way place) 道場
Dōjō Kun Training Hall Oath 道場訓
Fumiashi Step (with a change of feet) 踏み足
Gasshūkoku United States 合州国
Goshin Jutsu Self-Defense Techniques 護身術
Hajime Begin 始め
Hanshi Honorable Master 範士
Hantai Reverse, Opposite 反対
Hikite Pulling Hand 引き手
Ibuki Forced Tension Breathing 息吹
Idō Geiko Moving Drills 移動稽古
Jissen Kumite Full-Contact Fighting 実戦組手
Jiyū Kumite Free Fighting 自由組手
Kai Association
Kaichō Chairman 会長
Kaiten Rotation 回転
Kamae Posture 構え
Kamaete Take Ready Position 構えて
Kami no Kamae Upper Body Posture 上の構え
Karate Empty Hand 空手
Karatedō Karate Way 空手道
Karateka Karate Practitioner 空手家
Kata Forms
Kenka Brawl 喧嘩
Ki Inner Energy
Kiai Explosive Scream 気合
Kiai Irete With Explosive Energy 気合居れて
Kihon Basics 基本
Kihon Waza Basic Techniques 基本技
Kime Focus (i.e. Focusing Power) 極め
Kōhai Junior Student 後輩
Kokusai International 国際
Kōtai Substitution (i.e. partners
switch places in a drill)
Kumite Fight 組手
Kyokushin Ultimate Truth 極真
Kyū Rank (below Black Belt)
Maai Interval (between opponents) 間合い
Makiwara Striking Post (straw wrapped) 巻藁
Mawatte Turn 回って
Mokuso Meditation (silent thought) 黙想
Mugōrei Without Commands 無号令
Mushin Without Thought (no mind) 無心
Naore Return to Starting Position 直れ
Nogare Calm, Controlled Breathing 逃れ
Obi Belt (sash)
Okuriashi Shuffle Step (sending foot) 送り足
Onegaishimasu Please (polite) お願いします
Osu Determination (push and endure) 押忍
Otagai Each Other 御互い
Rei ( Rei) Bow (Bow to...)
Renmei Federation 連盟
Renma Polishing, Training 錬磨
Renraku Combinations 連絡
Seishin Spirit 精神
Seiza Formal Kneeling (correct sitting) 正座
Sempai Senior (1st & 2nd Dan) 先輩
Sensei Teacher (born before) (3rd & 4th Dan) 先生
Shihan Expert (5th Dan & higher) 師範
Shodan 1st Dan (beginning grade) 初段
Shōmen Front (correct face) of the Dojo 正面
Sōsai President 総裁
Taikai Tournament 大会
Tameshiwari Breaking Test 試し割り
Tanden Center of Body (below navel) 丹田
Waza Technique(s)
Yakusoku Kumite Pre-Arranged Fighting 約束組手
Yame Stop 止め
Yasume Rest, at Ease 休め
Yōi Ready 用意
Yūdansha Black Belt Holder 有段者
Zanshin Remain Alert (remaining mind) 残心
Taikai Yōgo Tournament Terminology 大会用語
Aka Red
Awasete Ippon Adds Up to One Point 合わせて一本
Chūi Warning 注意
Enchōsen Final Overtime Round 延長戦
Fukushin Corner Judge (assistant referee 副審
Fukushin Shūgō Referees' Conference 副審集合
Genten Penalty 減点
Hantei Decision 判定
Hikiwake Draw, Tie 引き分け
Ippon One Point 一本
Kachi ( Kachi) Win (...the Winner) 勝ち
Kiken Forfeit 棄権
Saishiai Extension, Overtime 再試合
Senshuken Taikai Championship Tournament 選手権大会
Shikaku Disqualification 失格
Shiro White
Shushin Chief Referee 主審
Waza Ari Half Point (has a technique) 技有り
Zokkō Resume Fighting 続行
Kazu Numbers
Ichi, Hitotsu 1
Ni 2
San 3
Shi, Yon 4
Go 5
Roku 6
Shichi, Nana 7
Hachi 8
Ku, Kyū 9
Jūichi 11 十一
Sanjū 30 三十
Yonjūgo 45 四十五
Hyaku 100
Sen 1,000
Man 10,000
Tuesday, 08 August 2017 18:41

Sosai Masutatsu Oyama


Sōsai 総裁 (President) Masutatsu Oyama, the founder of Kyokushin Karate, was born in southern Korea in 1923.  While living at his sister's farm in Manchuria at the age of nine, he began his lifelong journey along the Martial Way when he began studying the southern Chinese form of kempo know as "Eighteen Hands".  When Mas Oyama returned to Korea at the age of 12, he continued his training in Korean kempo.

In 1938, at the age of 15, Mas Oyama moved to Japan to train as an aviator, and continued his martial arts training by participating in judo and boxing.  Shortly afterwards, he began training at the dojo of Gichin Funakoshi, who had brought karate from Okinawa to Japan and developed what is now known as Shotokan Karate.  Mas Oyama's training progressed so rapidly that by the age of 17, he was a Nidan 二段 (2nd Dan), and by the age of 20, he was a Yondan 四段 (4th Dan) in Shōtōkan 松濤館流.  At this point, Mas Oyama took a serious interest in Jūdō 柔道, and in less than four years he achieved the rank of Yondan in Judo as well.

lineage Oyama

After the end of World War II, Mas Oyama began training under Nei-Chu So, one of the highest authorities in Japan of Gōjū Ryū 剛柔流, an Okinawan karate style.  Master So, renowned for the power of his body as well as his spiritual insight, encouraged Mas Oyama to dedicate his life to Budō 武道, the Martial Way.  He suggested that Mas Oyama retreat from civilization for three years to train his mind and body without the distractions of the outside world.

Around this time, Mas Oyama also met Eiji Yoshikawa, the author of the novel Musashi 武蔵, which was based on the life and exploits of Miyamoto Musashi, Japan's most famous Samurai warrior.  Both the novel and the author helped to teach him the meaning of Bushidō 武士道, the Way of the Warrior.  That same year, Mas Oyama went to Mt. Minobu in Chiba Prefecture, where Musashi had developed his style of sword fighting.  Mas Oyama thought that this would be an appropriate place to begin the rigorous training he had planned for himself.  Accompanied by a student, he went into the wilderness there to train, with a friend bringing food supplies to them once a month.  After six months of training, his student was unable to handle the solitude and secretly fed during the night, leaving Mas Oyama completely alone to continue his training.  After fourteen months of training in the wilderness, his friend informed Mas Oyama that he could no longer provide the monthly supplies of food, and Mas Oyama had to return to civilization.


A few months later, in 1947, Mas Oyama won the karate section of the first Japanese National Martial Arts Championships after World War II.   However, still feeling empty for not having completed the three years of solitude, he decided to dedicate his life completely to karate.  Once again Mas Oyama left civilization for the wilderness, this time going to Mt. Kiyozumi, also in Chiba Prefecture, which he chose for its spiritually uplifting environment.  This time his training was fanatical – 12 hours a day, every day, with no rest days, standing under cold buffeting waterfalls, breaking river stones with his hands, using trees as Makiwara 巻藁 (striking boards), jumping over rapidly growing flax plants hundreds of times each day.  Each day also included a period of study of the ancients classics on the martial arts, Zen, and philosophy.  After eighteen months of rigorous training, Mas Oyama returned to civilization fully confident in himself and able to take control of his life.

In the 1950s, Mas Oyama began demonstrating his power and skill by fighting bulls.  In all, he fought 52 bulls, three of which he killed instantly and 49 of whose horns he took off with Shuto手刀 (knife hand) strikes.  In 1952, Mas Oyama traveled throughout the United States for a year, demonstrating his karate live and on national television.  During subsequent years, he took on all challengers, resulting in fights with 270 different people.    He defeated the vast majority of his opponents with just one technique.  A fight never lasted more than three minutes, and rarely lasted more than a few seconds.  Mas Oyama's fighting technique was based on the Samurai warriors' principle of "Ichi Geki Hissatsu" 一撃必殺移動, or "One strike, certain death".  If he got through to you, the fight was over.  If he hit you, you broke – if you blocked his punch, your arm was broken or dislocated, if you didn't block it, your rib was broken.  Because of his strength and skill, he became known as "the Godhand".

In 1953, Mas Oyama opened his first "dojo" on a grass lot in Tokyo.  In 1955, he opened his first real dojo in a former ballet studio behind Rikkyo University.  In 1957, the name Kyokushin 極真, meaning "Ultimate Truth", was adopted for Mas Oyama's karate organization,  which had 700 members by then, despite the high drop-out rate due to the severity of training.  Practitioners of other styles also came to train here for the Jissen Kumite 実戦組手 (full contact fighting).   Mas Oyama would observe those  from other styles and adopt any techniques that would be useful in a fight.  By doing so, Kyokushin Karate evolved into one of the most formidable style of martial arts in the world.  It soon became known as "The Strongest Karate", not only because of the incredible feats of strength and endurance that Mas Oyama performed, but also because of the rigorous requirements of the training and tournaments.

In order to test his own abilities, Mas Oyama decided to perform a Three Hundred Man Kumite (San-Byakunin Kumite 三百人組手) in three days.  He chose the strongest students in his dojo to fight him one at a time.   After each had a turn, they started from the beginning again until all three hundred fights were completed.  Each student had to face Mas Oyama about four times over the three days, though some never made it past the first day due to Oyama's powerful blows.  He defeated all of his opponents, never wavering in his resolve, despite the fact that he was injured in the process.  Legend has it that Mas Oyama was willing to go for a fourth day, but no opponents were willing or able to do so.

Since its inception, Kyokushin Karate has spread to more than 120 countries, with more than twelve million practitioners, making it one of the largest martial arts styles in the world.

In 1992, Sosai Oyama visited the United States, and was the guest of honor at the 1st Annual American International Karate Championships in Rochester.  His visit was featured in an article in the Japanese magazine Power Karate Illustrated.

Sadly, Mas Oyama (a non-smoker) died of lung cancer in 1994.

Mas Oyama's unexpected death left his organization, the International Karate Organization (IKO), in a very confused state.  Prior to his death, he stated in his will that Yukio Nishida would be his successor to lead the IKO, but on his deathbed he apparently named Akiyoshi Matsui, then Godan (5th Dan).  This has resulted in a splintering of the IKO into a number of groups, each of which claims to be the true successor to Mas Oyama's organization.

Tuesday, 08 August 2017 18:12

Ishinkan Kyokushin Karate Organization




Hanshi Ishwor KHHATRI (shichidan) - Founder, PRESIDENT




Ajoy HALDER (sandan) - Branch Chief